The Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI) has revealed that liabilities of oil and gas companies to the Federation Accounts as at December 31, 2020 stood at N1.32 trillion.
The Executive Secretary of NEITI, Dr Orji Ogbonnaya Orji, disclosed this on Monday in Abuja at the public presentation of reports on Oil, Gas and Mining as well as Fiscal Allocation and Statutory Disbursement.
Orji, while providing highlights on the 2020 oil and gas reports, said the number of defaulting companies however dropped from 77 in 2019 to 51 in 2020.
The Executive Secretary described the current debts as collectable revenues that were due to the Federation accounts by the Nigeria Upstream Petroleum Regulatory Commission (NUPRC) and the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS).
The latest report also outlined the specific revenue streams that accounted for the liabilities in question, which include royalty oil, royalty gas, concession rentals and petroleum profit tax.
Others include company income tax, value added tax and withholding tax, among others.
He explained that the disclosure of companies’ liabilities by NEITI was in line with its mandate and in fulfillment of its obligation as member of global Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) and not in any way against the companies.
Ogbonnaya said the report revealed that Nigeria earned $20.43 billion from the sector in 2020, adding that the figure represents a decline of 40 per cent compared to $34.22 billion realised in 2019.
“On remittances to the federation accounts from the sector, the report also disclosed that $14.65 billion, representing 71.17 per cent of total earnings in 2020 was remitted to the accounts.
“While total aggregate financial flows from the sector to the government in 10 years (2011-2020) was $394.029 billion,’’ he stated.
He also said that the total crude oil production in 2020 was 646.7 million barrels (mmbbls) representing a 12 per cent decrease when compared to the 735.24mmbbls produced in 2019.
Out of the above total production in 2020, he noted that 648.48mmbbls were lifted, adding that this was 11.85 per cent lower than the 735.66mmbbls lifted in 2019.
As regard to fuel subsidy, he said the report further showed that N106.9 billion was paid as subsidy between Jan. and June 2020 to sustain product availability with an outstanding balance of N26.74 billion yet to be paid.
According to him, 20.01 billion litres of petrol, 52 million litres of Kerosene and 5.33 billion litres of diesel have been imported into the country for domestic use during the period under review.
On oil theft and crude losses, he said the report made assessment based on the data provided to NEITI by 22 of the 69 companies covered.
According to him, based on the result of the assessment, 29.16mmbls of crude valued at 44.73 million dollars (N15.71 billion) was stolen with 349 cases of pipeline vandalism recorded in 2020, an improvement when compared to 1,387 cases in 2019.
On gas production, he said it revealed that the gas sub sector contributed more than 1.5 billion dollars to the federation account.
He said that the gas production in 2020 was 3.01 million cubic feet, while 64 per cent of this was sold, eight per cent was flared and four per cent unaccounted for.
“The report also showed that the oil and gas sector contributed only 8.16 per cent to the total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2020. This represents a decline of 0.4 per cent when compared to the 8.62 per cent recorded in 2019.
“The report also showed that the sector dominated the country’s export in 2020, contributing about 75 per cent (N9.44 trillion) of the total export value of N12.52 trillion,” he said.